“Ringgold is safe from tornadoes, people say, because of the White Oak Mountain Ridge.” – “Shatterproof” by Katrina Hoover. Tragically, during the evening of April 27, 2011, the mountains were no match for the destructive force of an EF4 tornado. This is the first portion of a two-part series on the Ringgold-Apison-Cleveland, GA-TN, EF4 tornado.
A violent tornado devastated the Pitts Gap and New Harmony communities late on April 27, 2011. The furthest north-tracking EF4+ tornado in the Super Outbreak changed the lives of some rural residents forever.
The Lake Martin tornado was the southeasternmost violent of the Super Outbreak and the last significant tornado to strike Alabama on April 27. In addition, it spent almost four total miles directly on Lake Martin – the largest cumulative distance over water of any violent tornado in the 2011 Super Outbreak. Tragically, this tornado was also a killer and left a striking scar across a beautiful part of east-central Alabama.
The 2011 Super Outbreak reached far beyond populated areas into the wilderness. Deep in the Great Smoky Mountains, five tornadoes occurred on April 27 within five hours. These twisters repeatedly pounded areas of the Cherokee National Forest and Great Smoky Mountains National Park, tearing large chunks of forest from mountains and shutting down trails for months.
On November 7, 1995, an outbreak of 40 tornadoes affected the Southeast. 28 of these tornadoes occurred in the state of South Carolina. This summary looks at what is officially the strongest, an F4 that hit near the town of Marion. The F4 rating is based on a 150-200 pound church bell that was moved 400-yards. Thomas Grazulis in Significant Tornadoes believes this an F2 tornado.
This summary looks at a large, damaging tornado that hit portions of Wayne, NE on October 4, 2014. It reached peak intensity at the Wayne Municipal Airport. The Wayne tornado was the first EF-4 to affect the state of Nebraska since May 22, 2004.
In this summary, we look at an obscure F4 tornado that moved through portions of northern Virginia. It is one of the most powerful tornadoes in the Baltimore-Washington area, and officially one of only two F4s in the state.
11 tornadoes struck parts of the High Plains on August 26, 2007. The strongest was a deadly EF4 that tore through the town of Northwood. In this summary, we look at the three significant tornadoes of the outbreak and the damage they caused.
On the afternoon of August 19, 1890, four tornadoes occurred in Pennsylvania. The focus of the summary looks at the two most impactful. An F3/borderline F4 tornado crossed through parts of Columbia and Luzerne County. 4 people were killed as it swept away several homes. As that tornado dissipated another tornado formed and plowed into Wilkes-Barre. 16 people were killed as this tornado damaged or destroyed over 400 buildings in the city.