SPC Stats

Path length: 19.63 miles

Width:  1320 yards

Fatalities:  3

Injuries:  50

Rating:  EF3

County:  Washington, Smyth

Tornado Path

SPC coordinates:  Start: 36.65 / -81.95  End:  36.838 / -81.684

Corrected Coordinates based on Aerial and Satellite Imagery:

Start: 36.638856/-81.962548    End: 36.857116/-81.630333

Note:  Exact tornado path may not be straight and/or continuous.

Summary

One of the worst tornadoes in Virginia history tore through the Appalachian Mountains and a thriving country town. At a maximum width of 2,320 yards (1.32 miles), it is by far the widest the state has ever seen and wreaked havoc across a 24-mile path. More than a remarkable meteorological event for the region, this twister reshaped hundreds of lives, particularly in the community of Glade Spring.

The tornado began along Parks Mills Road, 5 miles south of Abingdon. The tornado was generally broad but weak in the beginning part of the path. Within the half-mile swath of lighter damage, there were some areas of more intense treefall. This indicates a multiple vortex structure that the tornado would continue to show throughout its life. There was no thorough survey of the damage between the starting location and until it reached the Utility Trailer Manufacturing Company at Glade Spring. The damage described along this portion of the path is based on an analysis of the satellite imagery and a few aerial photographs that we have uncovered.

Along Misty Road, an outbuilding was destroyed. The tornado moved northeast, and a barn was leveled on a farm near the intersection of Browning Road and Big Horn Drive. Further northeast, the tornado ripped up trees in shelterbelts and wooded patches. About three miles west of Osceola, it produced a particularly severe pocket of tree damage. A wooded area about 12 acres in size had nearly 100% of its trees knocked down. The large twister then crossed the Virginia Creeper National Recreation Trail and impacted a couple of farms. Several barns and other outbuildings were destroyed, including one large barn (150 feet by 50 feet), which was completely leveled. After striking these farms, it crossed the Holston River, where it downed a 1320 yard (¾ mile) swath of trees.

About 1.38 miles northwest of Osceola, the twister crossed Jeb Stuart Highway (Highway 58) and produced its first significant damage to homes. Two houses were unroofed, and nearly a dozen others had minor roof, siding, and window damage. Several barns and other buildings were damaged or destroyed. The Damascus Road Baptist Church also had a few shingles blown off.

Damage to homes along Jeb Stuart Highway. Image from the Virginia Department of Emergency Management (VDEM).

The twister grew to a width of 1,470 yards as it crossed through forested hills just east of Highway 58. Complete treefall continued in smaller pockets of damage, indicative of a significant multi-vortex tornado.

The path of the tornado through hilly forest SW of Glade Spring. Image created using Google Earth with imagery from June 4, 2011.

After leaving the hills, the tornado crossed Rivermont Drive and grew to a mile in width. Dozens of farm buildings sustained major damage. The funnel then smashed through Ramblewood Drive, where a frame home and several trailers were destroyed. A farm in this area lost six outbuildings, including a large barn and two horse trailers.

The tornado continued to widen and intensify further toward the northeast. It crossed Indian Run Road, destroying dozens of farm buildings and trailers. Over the next several miles, nine high-tension metal-truss towers were toppled. At least one of them was flattened, which is typically considered high-end EF-3 damage.

As the tornado approached the Highlands Business Park, it struck a sewage treatment plant, and four buildings were destroyed. A grove of trees adjacent to the sewage plant was obliterated, with every tree being snapped off, uprooted, or debarked.

The Gates Corporation, located off Owens Drive, made hydraulic hose assemblies. It was Glade Spring’s second-largest employer and a leading company in the Highlands Business Park. In a May 1, 2011 article in the Bristol Herald Courier, Joe Ellis, the plant’s efficiency team leader, was interviewed. He said the night shift was on duty but they all managed to make it to the building’s storm shelter (a designated area of interior bathrooms). Per the article, “the building looks like it’s been run over, its walls crumpled and its roof collapsed with the support beams twisted up in the wreckage.” The night supervisor was credited for saving people’s lives.

Glade Spring’s largest employer, Utility Trailer Manufacturing Company, was next in line for the tornado’s wrath. In April 2011, the company had 340 employees and produced dry van trailers. Sam Cassell lived eight miles from the plant. At 1:25 am ET, he received a phone call stating the plant was damaged. Despite living a short distance away, it took him three hours to arrive at the plant due to the debris in the roadway. He joined Jack Washburn, the company’s plant manager at the time, to assess the damage. There was one employee there, a security guard. He had survived with only a minor leg injury.

Buildings at the Utility Company were flooded due to broken water mains. Full truck trailers were flung into trees. In a May 1, 2011 article in the Bristol Herald Courier, Washburn stated, “We have a lot of trailers that are [not] repairable, and it tossed them around like toys actually. They were stacked three and four high with the wheels off, some of them broke in half.” Approximately 250 of the company’s trailers had some degree of damage.

The tornado left the Utility Company and charged toward Interstate 81 at Exit 29, the Glade Spring exit. This is the town’s main business district and the location of several homes, mobile homes, and apartments.

The path of the tornado across Exit 29. Image from VDEM.

One local apartment complex along Monroe Road that housed Emory and Henry College students was hit. The roof and exterior walls on the second story were removed. Members of the Dom-I-Necher fraternity at Emory & Henry College received a text just before 1:30 am ET from one of their brothers at the apartments. “Someone please help. Come to my apartment. Bring a pair of shoes.” This was the plea from Kevin Heideman. One of the fraternity members, James McVey, drove as close as he could to the apartments before being blocked by downed wires and debris. He then went on foot, meeting up with eight other brothers, to help those trapped.

At the complex, they found their friend Kevin scared but not injured. He was given shoes, and the group proceeded to help other residents. Several news articles and the Emory & Henry Alumni Magazine from the Fall of 2011 captured the fraternity brothers’ story and their heroics that night.

The men helped students Whitney Manning and Annelise Shelton out of their destroyed apartment. The two friends survived by sheltering in the first-floor laundry room. In an article in the April 29, 2011, Bristol Herald Courier, Manning stated, “There was a lot of pressure, and then all the windows popped. Then you could hear the sheet [rock] walls and different pieces of it being ripped off, and then the rain was so loud.” Lesley Hicks was found near a separate collapsed building. She had suffered a leg injury and was crying for help. The fraternity brothers carried her down a hill to safety.

Kevin Heideman, the student who sent the frantic text, told his brothers James McVey and Jacob Reid about a couple who lived in a mobile home near the apartment complex. From the May 3, 2011, Bristol Herald Courier, “We started looking for the mobile home and couldn’t find it,” Reid said. “Finally we were like, ‘The mobile home’s gone.’ And we realized that we were standing on their gravel….We actually yelled for a long time and walked around the field.”

The men then heard someone crying for help. It was Debbie Blevins, one of the owners of the mobile home. She had been thrown approximately 100 yards from the home’s original location. The men wrapped her in a blanket and began looking for her husband. Bobby Blevins, 59, was found in a field approximately 200 yards from the mobile home. He was killed. Per an article in the April 30, 2011, Bristol Herald Courier, “He was still clinging to his two beloved dogs; he’d been holding them in his arms when the trailer blew apart.” One of the dogs survived, but the other, Katie, died in her owner’s arms. The same newspaper article detailed Debbie’s injuries. She had a punctured lung, a fractured femur, pelvis, shoulder, and head injuries. “The last word Debbie Blevins heard her husband say was her name, as he hollered out to warn her of the tornado that was carrying him away.”

The fraternity brothers continued their search for survivors. Heading north on Monroe Road, they found Brenda Offield, who had been thrown from her destroyed brick home. She sustained lung injuries and spinal fractures. Her husband Ronnie, a local pilot, was found dead in the backyard amidst the rubble.

The damage to the business district was extensive, and the maximum width of 2320 yards (1.32 miles) occurred here. The backside of the Peterbilt shop was torn off, and trailers were blown ½ mile away. Damage occurred to a Subway, a Dollar General, and Davidson Trucking. The Pizza Plus restaurant was unroofed and insulation laid in piles amid tables and booths. The air conditioner unit and outdoor freezer at Wendy’s were sent airborne.

Several homes and mobile homes were demolished east of the Wendy’s and south of Route 11. Mike Johnson, his wife, and three children were in one of those mobile homes. Governor Bob McDonnell toured the damage, and Mike Johnson was able to tell his story. Per the April 30, 2011 Bristol Herald Courier, the family sheltered in their bathtub. “The next thing I know I’m on my back holding things up off of us,” Johnson said to the governor about how his family survived the storm and crawled out of the rubble. The next day, the family and other relatives began the tedious task of digging through the rubble to salvage what they could. The Johnson family thought they had lost their dog, but as they were digging, out of the wreckage came their furry family member with little injury.

Barbara Keessee was described as ‘an angel on earth’ by her 15-year-old grandson, Cody. The beloved grandmother huddled with her son, daughter-in-law, grandson Cody and step-granddaughter in a closet in another nearby mobile home. It was hit squarely and was flattened. Barbara’s brother, Buck Davidson, lived less than 50 yards away. He ran toward his sister’s trailer, and it was noted in a May 1, 2011 article in the Bristol Herald Courier that it was hard to tell where Barbara’s home ended, and the next trailer started. Sadly, Barbara did not survive. Her son and daughter-in-law had injuries that landed them in the ICU, and the children had scrapes and broken bones.

Damage at the Petro Truck Stop.

On the other side of Route 11 was the severely damaged Petro Truck Stop. The six employees who were working that night survived in back rooms and showers. Diesel and gasoline pumps were blown over, and dozens of tractor-trailers were tossed about like toys for hundreds of yards. One was blown into the Iron Skillet, the restaurant inside the truck stop. Others landed on I-81, blocking traffic. Several traveled even further across the interstate, leaking diesel fuel into a sediment pond. Hazmat teams from neighboring areas were called in to clean up that spill.

Several apartment complexes off of Brittany Lee Drive and Bunker Hill Lane were wrecked. Personal belongings were thrown in nearby fields. Appalachian Plastics, a family-owned business founded in 1968, received damage to all four of its buildings. Just to the north of this area, the roof of the Glade Spring Middle School was destroyed.

One of the tractor-trailers parked at the Petro Truck Stop was lofted and thrown at least 200 yards over Interstate 81, smashing into the Glade Spring Veterinary Clinic. The weight of the tractor caused half of the building to collapse. Three cats were inside of the clinic, and all of them survived. One of the cats, Charlie, was found the next morning. He was hiding behind the x-ray machine. The clinic was able to operate out of the back half of the building, which was still standing. They worked to locate pets that were lost or injured in the storm.

Several dozen residences along Lee Highway south of I-81 sustained heavy damage, ranging from missing shingles to the removal of entire roofs. The hardest-hit neighborhood by this tornado was located off of Glove Drive on Stagecoach Road. Two dozen homes were heavily damaged or destroyed here, with some losing their roofs and several exterior walls. What was left standing was peppered by wooden projectiles. The Teaters family lived in a row of four houses along this road; all of them were destroyed. Members of the large family were able to survive in hallways and basements without injury.

Expansive damage to homes along Stagecoach road. Image from VDEM.

The neon cross of The Glade Spring Church of God served as a landmark for travelers on Interstate 81. The church, located near the Stagecoach Road neighborhood, was destroyed. Across the interstate, the Glade Springs’ Landmark Baptist Church also sustained damage. The roof was removed, columns were destroyed, and there was water damage.

The tornado was slowly weakening and shrinking as it crossed into Smyth County, but it remained a dangerous EF2 with an overall width of 1,760 yards (one mile). Two miles NW of Chilhowie along Plum Creek Road, substantial damage occurred to several structures. A couple of homes sustained minor damage, two Triple S Storage buildings were unroofed, the steeple was blown off of Tate’s Chapel, and a W&L Construction building partially collapsed. TMCNET news reported on a story of survival along the Plum Creek Road. A mobile home belonging to Faye Thompson was hit. Several hours earlier, she had heard on the news that the storms had passed by and decided to go to bed. Consequently, she only awoke and became aware of the tornado when the tethers anchoring her trailer to the ground snapped. The trailer flipped twice, smashed into her truck, and eventually came to rest against a tree. Faye and her dog were pinned under a mattress until her son-in-law came to dig her out. She was uninjured.

At top and center-left, damage to W&L Construction. At bottom right, two Triple S Storage Buildings that were unroofed. Image from the Virginia Department of Transportation.

Another 1.5 miles of uninhabited fields were traversed before the tornado moved across Carlock Creek Road. It had a diminished width of 880 yards (a half-mile). Eva Hutton and her husband Odie lived off of Carlock Creek Road. They were concerned about their neighbor Peggy Johnson and didn’t want her spending the night alone with the storms rolling in. Peggy had already been invited by her son to take shelter in his basement, but she refused. In an interview in the Smyth County News & Messenger, Peggy said, ‘For heaven’s sake, we don’t have tornadoes around here.’

Eva was persuasive, and her friend decided to sleep over on her couch. They turned in for the night, and a few hours later, the tornado hit. Peggy woke up and was no longer in her friend’s living room; she was outside in the rain under Odie’s truck. “I thought, ‘Golly, Odie’s got a leak in his roof,'” she said. Then she realized where she was: “My Lord, I’m under Odie’s truck!”

The room she had been in was now missing walls and the roof. A few feet away, the concrete block garage “had been ripped from its foundation.” Peggy went to the hospital and was treated for a cut on her arm. Her friends Eva and Odie were safe.

Two trailers were destroyed in the Carlock Creek Road area, with one thrown into a brick home. A man was also injured. These were the last structures hit by the tornado.

After crossing Carlock Creek Road, the tornado continued to weaken. It dramatically gained 850 feet of elevation in just one mile, cresting Mollies Knob three miles NNE of Chilhowie at an altitude of 2,890 feet and a width of 440 yards (1/4 of a mile). Limited uprooting of trees was noted along the downslope of the ridge before complete dissipation 3.2 miles north of Seven Mile Ford.

Strongest Winds

Per the storm survey from the NWS Morristown, this tornado was rated a low-end EF3 with maximum winds of 140 mph. However, damage to the Offield’s brick home along Monroe Road would suggest a higher EF-scale wind speed. The single-story residence was swept clean of everything above the floor joist except the toilet and a few scattered bricks. The walkout basement wall on the downwind side of the home had much of the brick veneer stripped. However, the concrete was well reinforced and was left undamaged. While the house was probably not “well constructed,” it was not a slider home either. Per the EF-Scale, the lowest wind speed that should have been assigned was 165 mph (high-end EF3). Further evidence of a higher wind speed is found about two miles SW of this home. A metal truss tower was flattened entirely into the ground and mangled by the tornado. The expected rating for a metal truss tower that is simply bent over is low-end EF3 or 141 mph. A completely flattened and mangled tower should receive the “upper bound” rating of high-end EF3 or 165 mph. This is in line with what was seen at the brick home.

Statistics

A total of $78.25 million in agricultural and structural damage was caused by the tornado. Dozens of businesses were heavily impacted. In Washington County, 35 homes were completely destroyed and 179 others damaged. Another 200 structures, mostly farm buildings, sustained varying degrees of damage. 257 farm animals, including 150 cows, were killed. Several more residences in Smyth County were also damaged or destroyed. There were three direct fatalities, one indirect, and 52 injuries.

Recovery

The tornado struck in the dead of night, and initial cleanup and assessment were limited. Communication was challenging as a nearby Verizon tower had been downed, bringing cell service to a halt. Power was out across the entire area.

The light of day brought forth the solemn picture of devastation. These hard-hit communities in Southwest Virginia were faced with a tremendous recovery effort, and they got to work immediately.

The Petro Shop was open 12 hours after the tornado hit. They ran on generator power, and crews worked to repair the surrounding damage. A few hours later, a disaster relief kitchen coordinated by Patrick Johnson, a volunteer coordinator with the Southern Baptist Convention’s disaster relief services, was set up at the shop. They served 500 meals. The Wendy’s set up portable grills in their parking lot and served hamburgers to the community.

Roger Cullip was the Emory & Henry College campus safety officer. He lived in Glade Spring which is less than four miles from the school. He saw tremendous damage around his hometown, but the campus had not been hit. He decided to set up a shelter at the college’s King Center Gymnasium. Other shelters, including one set up by the Red Cross, began to open around the area.

A group of about 50 Emory & Henry students shuttled into Glade Spring to see how they could help with cleanup. From the April 29, 2011 edition of the Bristol Herald Courier, “There was one building, we picked up walls and doors and glass,” said Ryan Stone, a 22-year-old student from Rocky Mount, VA. “The one guy was almost actually in tears because a bunch of college kids had come down at 9:30 in the morning to come help him do this. And we had no rhyme or reason – we didn’t know who he was. We just came down.”

The Landmark Baptist Church’s fellowship hall had limited damage, and they held services the following Sunday. The Church of God also had a Sunday service, but it had to be in a neighboring church’s basement. Pastor James Walls was interviewed for the Bristol Herald Courier six years after the event. He reflected on that first church service. “It was a very difficult time because a lot of decisions had to be made immediately and people in the community were in such distress. I just thank God for all the people that pitched in and helped the others in the community.”

In the days following the tornado, Governor Bob McDonnell applied for federal aid. His request was denied. Per an article in the Bristol Herald Courier on May 8, 2011, the denial occurred “before FEMA officials even conducted an inventory of the damage.” FEMA informed the governor that “the magnitude of damage in Washington County was not severe enough to qualify for federal assistance.” A few days after the decision, a small group of residents protested the decision. “I’ve been there, I’ve seen it, and it’s incredible to think they’d deny it,” said demonstration organizer Reva Spry of Abingdon in an article for the Roanoke Times. Per Bob Spieldenner, the director of public affairs for the Virginia Department of Emergency Services, “Even if we had gotten the assistance, it would’ve taken community help,” he said. “It’s going to go back to the community and the volunteers working together to rebuild. [Federal aid] would have helped a little bit, but that work [volunteer efforts] is going to go on.” (Bristol Herald Courier, May 8, 2011).

And they did go on. Help continued to pour in weeks after the tornado. On a Saturday in mid-May, more than 100 members of the U.S. Army Reserves’ 760th Engineer Corps helped residents with clean-up. WTRM-FM radio personality Brian Scott drove 300 miles from Winchester, VA, to bring donations from listeners. Per an article n the Daily Press, he had “a truck filled with 10,000 pounds of food, bottled water, paper supplies and other items.”

Governor Bob McDonnell set up a state disaster relief fund. The United Way of Russell and Washington Counties donated $100,000 to that fund. They worked with area businesses and raised close to $1 million to help those who had little to no insurance recover. Travis Station, the CEO of the area’s United Way, stated in an article on livability.com, “We’ve been able to assist 150 homeowners rebuild, and we’ve worked with more than 2,000 volunteers who have helped replace roofs and reconstruct.”

The local grocery chain, Food City, set up a donation system in their stores. WCYB-TV in Bristol hosted a telethon that raised $250,000. The Gates Corporation, which was wrecked by the tornado, donated $100,000 for relief work. Sadly, the company announced in September of 2011 that they would not be staying in the Glade Spring area.

By July of 2011, The Utility Trailer Manufacturing Company had returned to pre-tornado production levels. The rebuilding of the Glade Spring Church of God began on top of the previous building’s foundation. 221 days after the destruction, a new church was constructed. They added a steeple, which they didn’t have before the disaster.

Rural areas of Smyth County that were damaged by the tornado were able to recover quickly. Within months, homes were speedily repaired or rebuilt. Clearing of trees in remote pasture areas continued a year later, but the Smyth County News & Messenger noted that “Tears and fears seem to have been replaced by peace.”

Radar

Radar of the tornado via NWS Blacksburg.

Images from the Virginia Department of Emergency Management

Damage to a farm SW of Glade Spring.
Damage to the Gates Corporation SW of Glade Spring.
Damage at the Utility Trailer Manufacturing Company SW of Glade Spring.
Damage just south of Exit 29. The building in the background at right is the Peterbilt Shop.
Tractor trailers strewn from the Petro Truck Stop.
Various apartments and businesses just north of Exit 29.
Damage to Appalachian Plastics.
A view of the devastation from Appalachian plastics looking to the east.
Damage to structures on the north side of I-81. Near center top is the Vet Clinic; note the trailer embedded in the building.
Damage to homes along Stagecoach Road.
Tractor trailers strewn in a field along I-81. Note the crushed guardrail and slight debarking of trees in the background.
Flipped cargo containers.
A damaged home surrounded by stripped trees. Note the destroyed boat at center.
A brick home that was destroyed.
Another view of the brick home.
A mobile home frame wrapped around a telephone pole.

Facebook Photo Embeds

Newspaper Clippings

Fri, Apr 29, 2011 • Page A9 • The Macon Telegraph (Macon, Georgia) • Newspapers.com
Fri, Apr 29, 2011 • Page 4 • The Daily Oklahoman (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma) • Newspapers.com

Videos

Discrepancies:

We gathered information for this event from the SPC/NCDC Databases, the April 2011 Storm Data Publication (SDP), the NWS Morristown and NWS Blacksburg Event Pages, and analysis of aerial and satellite imagery and found the following discrepancies:

Path Length:

  • SPC and NCDC list path length of 19.63 miles.
  • The SDP lists a path length of 19.65 miles.
  • The NWS Blackburg gives a total path length of 27.8 miles.
  • Analysis of the damage indicates a path length of exactly 24 miles.

    Path Width:

    • SPC/NCDC/SDP list a maximum width of 1,320 yards (exactly 0.75 miles).
    • Analysis of the damage indicates a maximum width of 2,320 yards (1.32 miles).

      Injuries:

      • SPC/NCDC/SDP list no injuries in Smyth County.
      • The NWS Blacksburg lists one injury in Smyth County.
      • Research found two individuals that were directly injured by the tornado in Smyth County.
      • All sources list 50 injuries in Washington County, which would add up to a corrected total of 52.

        Sources:

        The Storm Prediction Center

        April 2011 Storm Data Publication

        NCDC Storm Events Database Entry-Washington County

        NCDC Storm Events Database Entry-Smyth County

        NWS Morristown Summary

        NWS Blacksburg Summary

        The Enhanced Fujita Scale via NWS Norman

        A Recommendation for an Enhanced Fuita Scale via Wind Science and Engineering Center, Texas Tech University

        Emergency Response to April 27 & 28 Tornado in Washington and Smyth Counties – VDOT

        Google Earth

        “Abingdon, VA Businesses Respond to Tornado.” Livability, January 15, 2016. https://livability.com/va/abingdon/careers-opportunities/abingdon-va-businesses-respond-to-tornado.

        amy.matzke-fawcett@roanoke.com 381-1674, A 2011, ‘Residents protest FEMA’s decision’, Roanoke Times, The (VA), 10 May, p. A1, (online NewsBank).

        Castle, Kevin. “It Sounded like a Train Carrying My House, Glade Spring Tornado Survivor Says.” TimesNews, April 2011. https://www.timesnews.net/news/local-news/it-sounded-like-a-train-carrying-my-house-glade-spring-tornado-survivor-says/article_0b95ab90-8e69-5368-87f7-287660d3d750.html

        “Chilhowie Area Sustains Damage from Storms.” TMCnet. Accessed March 27, 2021. https://www.tmcnet.com/usubmit/2011/05/05/5491419.htm

        College, Emory & Henry, and emory_henry_college. “Alumni Magazine Fall 2011.” Issuu. https://issuu.com/emory_henry_college/docs/alumni_mag_fall_11

        Crapps, Cameron. “Chilhowie, Virginia Hit by Tornado; People Feel ‘Forgotten.’” HeraldCourier.com, April 27, 2017. https://heraldcourier.com/news/chilhowie-virginia-hit-by-tornado-people-feel-forgotten/article_81be5515-f549-5499-bd69-6e63bfd10cd0.html

        Galofaro, C 2011, ‘Barbara Keesee described as ‘an angel on earth”, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 1 May, (online NewsBank).

        Jackson, Beth, M 2012, ‘Carlock Creek rebuilds, still cleaning up from 2011 tornado’, Smyth County News & Messenger (Marion, VA), 10 May, (online NewsBank).

        Kegley, D 2011, ‘Looking back at the news of 2011: Part 2’, Smyth County News & Messenger (Marion, VA), 30 Dec, (online NewsBank).

        Legacy.com, and Legacy. “ROBERT BLEVINS Obituary (2011) – Abingdon, VA – Bristol Herald Courier.” Legacy.com. Legacy, April 30, 2011. https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/TriCities/obituary.aspx?pid=150652080.

        Mclean, M 2011, ‘Gov. tours devastation in Glade Spring, Va.’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 30 Apr, (online NewsBank).

        Mclean, M 2011, ‘Skilled volunteers needed as storm response efforts turn to rebuilding’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 17 May, (online NewsBank).

        Mclean, M 2011, ‘Tornadoes cause estimated $33.7 million damage to farms in Southwest Virginia’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 29 May, (online NewsBank).

        Mccown, D 2011, ‘Bobby Blevins, father and grandfather taken away by tornado’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 30 Apr, (online NewsBank).

        Mccown, D 2011, ‘Emory & Henry students rescue residents after deadly storm hits’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 3 May, (online NewsBank).

        Mccown, D 2011, ‘Four months after tornadoes neighborhoods rising again’, CBS – 11 WJHL (Johnson City, TN), 4 Sep, (online NewsBank).

        Mccown, D 2011, ‘Gates Corp. won’t return to Glade Spring factory’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 14 Sep, (online NewsBank).

        Mccown, D 2011, ‘Glade Spring, Va., begins picking up the pieces’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 29 Apr, (online NewsBank).

        Mccown, D 2011, ‘Goble: ‘There and up there was just factories … and they’re all gone”, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 1 May, (online NewsBank).

        Mccown, D 2011, ‘Local pilot killed in Glade Spring tornado, wife in intensive care’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 30 Apr, (online NewsBank).

        Mccown, Debra. “Truck stop’s reopening fuels recovery.” Daily Press (VA), June 18, 2011. Newspapers.com. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/74431847/daily-press/

        Morrison shawna.morrison@roanoke.com 381-1665, S 2011, ‘A trail of devastation’, Roanoke Times, The (VA), 29 Apr, p. A1, (online NewsBank).

        Porter-Nichols, Stephanie. “Gates Donates $100,000 to Relief Work.” HeraldCourier.com, April 18, 2019. https://heraldcourier.com/archive/gates-donates-100-000-to-relief-work/article_2904a6d4-be99-5bca-80b3-208cfddde609.html

        Porter-Nichols, Stephanie. “Looting from Storage Lockers Upsets Users.” SWVA Today, May 7, 2019. https://swvatoday.com/news/article_6889df0e-68ed-5b19-b0e6-c3a13a083cfd.html

        RISTAU | BRISTOL HERALD COURIER, R 2017, ‘Glade Spring has picked up pieces from destructive April 2011 tornado’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 27 Apr, (online NewsBank).

        ROBINSON, A 2011, ‘Area businesses team to deliver food to tornado victims’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 2 May, (online NewsBank).

        Robinson, A 2011, ‘Community out in force to help clean up tornado damage around Glade Spring’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 8 May, (online NewsBank).

        Robinson, Allie. “Disappointment as FEMA Denies Help to Southwest Virginia.” HeraldCourier.com, April 27, 2017. https://heraldcourier.com/news/disappointment-as-fema-denies-help-to-southwest-virginia/article_1e53f608-a10d-5941-8f54-f1d3b6d8defe.html

        ROBINSON | BRISTOL HERALD COURIER, A 2013, ‘Exactly two years ago, a tornado ripped through Glade Spring’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 27 Apr, (online NewsBank).

        Robinson, A 2011, ‘Glade Spring Christmas parade to honor tornado victims, volunteers’, CBS – 11 WJHL (Johnson City, TN), 1 Dec, (online NewsBank).

        Staff, T 2011, ‘Stories of survival in Glade Spring tornado’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 1 May, (online NewsBank).

        “STORM COVERAGE UPDATE: Storms Rip through Southwest Virginia.” SWVA Today, May 7, 2019. https://swvatoday.com/news/article_a9bb8444-ac6c-53f5-b9db-ec26c4147bbd.html

        Tennis, J 2011, ‘Business owners vow to rebuild’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 29 Apr, (online NewsBank).

        Tennis, J 2011, ‘Business owners vow to rebuild’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 29 Apr, (online NewsBank).

        Tennis, J 2011, ‘Emory & Henry sets up shelter for those displaced by the storm’, Bristol Herald Courier (VA), 29 Apr, (online NewsBank).

        The Associated Press. “Help arrives in Glade Spring.” Daily Press (VA), May 16, 2011. Newspapers.com. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/74429145/daily-press/

        The Roanoke Times. “Scary storms kill four in Glade Spring.” Daily Press (VA), April 30, 2011. Newspapers.com. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/74432826/

        “Utility Trailer’s Glade Spring Plant Back to Full Production after Tornado Damage.” FleetOwner. https://www.fleetowner.com/equipment/article/21669162/utility-trailers-glade-spring-plant-back-to-full-production-after-tornado-damage

        VA Department of Education. “State Superintendent Praises Division Recovery Efforts,” September 2011. https://www.doe.virginia.gov/news/news_releases/2011/sep6.pdf

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