Path length: 117.8 miles
Width: 200 yards
County: Jefferson, Copiah, Simpson, Rankin, Smith, Scott
A long-track, deadly tornado occurred on January 23, 1969. In his book, “The Tornado: Nature’s Ultimate Windstorm”, Thomas Grazulis notes that the process that brought about using the Fujita Scale to rate tornadoes can be traced to this event. (Grazulis, 2003). This tornado devastated the town of Hazlehurst, MS. It is the deadliest tornado on record (1950-current) in the month of January.
Let me get through a couple of discrepancies in the record:
- The width of this tornado is listed as 200 yards in the SPC Database. Thomas Grazulis in Significant Tornadoes has a width of 1200 yards and the Storm Data Narrative lists a range of widths from 20 to 1760 yards. Based on the research of Grazulis and the Storm Data entry, the SPC width of 200 yards is not correct. The scope of the damage especially in Hazlehurst shows a much larger tornado.
- There is a difference in the actual path length. SPC has a length of 117.8 miles while Grazulis lists a length at 105 miles. The Storm Data entry has a 120 mile length. The difference here probably relates to which counties are included in the path.
- Officially, the SPC has the tornado beginning in Jefferson County and crossing through Copiah, Simpson, Rankin, Smith and Scott Counties. But when you plot the SPC coordinates, it ends the path in Newton County. The Storm Data narrative also ends the path in Newton County. SPC and Storm Data have similar longer path lengths. Grazulis does not include Newton County in the path and his length is slightly shorter.
- Here is the information from Storm Data on the damage in Scott County. “At 8:05am, a tornado was reported 8 to 10 miles SSE of Forest in the Sherman Hills and Norris Communities. From an aerial survey, there was damage to about 10 SE Forest and from there on little or no evidence on the ground. At about this time and location the Jackson radar could no longer identify a hook in the echo.” For Newton County, Storm Data notes, “At 8:20am , a tornado was indicated by radar at 5 SW Newton. From an aerial survey there is little or no evidence of a tornado on the ground except for spotty areas of uprooted trees and other minor damage near Newton.” Based on these descriptions, it would appear the tornado lifted in Scott County. Perhaps a weaker tornado developed in Newton County? I agree with Grazulis in a slighter shorter path length.
The Storm Data Narrative is extremely detailed. The link to the full document is found here: Here is a breakdown of the damage:
Damage in a 1/4 mile area on Highway 28, 6 miles SE of Fayette. A vacant house was “blown away” and roof damage to another home. Numerous reports of large hail in this area.
Around 620am, a Highway Patrol Car was parked on the south exit ramp of US 55, about 1 mile south of Hazlehurst. The driver described the weather as “cloudy….it was very dark and the lightning and thunder seemed far away. It became very quiet. I heard a roaring that sounded like a train before the winds hit”. This occurred at 6:25am. He told a reporter, “…and then…the glass shattered and rocks were going everywhere. When I looked up, I saw this big, black funnel cloud going over the hill (east towards Hazlehurst).”
Starting near Highway 51, south of Hazlehurst, the storm completely flattened a 1/4 to 1/2 mile wide area. Almost all of the property was destroyed yet just 100 yards to either side home and businesses were left untouched.
One family of 15 occupied a 4-room frame building atop of a bluff overlooking Lumber Mill Pond. Their home and most of the occupants were blown ~70 yards into the pond along with other houses and people. In all, 18 persons were dumped into the pond.
East of Hazlehurst in the Shady Grove area, the tornado destroyed several homes and buildings before “skipping” across the Pearl River.
There were 11 deaths in Hazlehurst and 140 were injured.
As the tornado approached and crossed the Pearl River, a family in a home on the bank of the river, lay on the floor and were not injured. Their home was destroyed and a school bus parked in front of their home had its bus body blown away.
The twister moved a few miles south of Harrisville, which was hardest hit in the county. South of town a sturdy log farm house and a barn were “reduced to rubble.” A husband and wife were killed. Their bodies were found on a hillside behind where the barn had been. A school bus parked in the yard was “tornado apart and its frame found across the road and the twisted body of the bus about 1/4 mile away.”
At the W.W. Shorter Poultry Farm, 5 chicken houses were “ripped apart.” A home was destroyed and a husband and wife were killed.
The Drummond’s house was destroyed. 5 were killed here. 3 bodies found in the woods, 2 died at the hospital. A school bus had picked up a girl and her 2 brothers who lived at the Drummond house with their aunt. The bus, 50 yards from the home was making a turn off Highway 49 when it was toppled and blown against a pine tree. All 14 students on the bus were injured.
Later in the path, at least 2 homes were leveled. Three women were killed.
12 people were killed in Simpson County and at least 65 injured.
On Highway 13, near Puckett, a man was out milking, when he noticed the tornado. He ran into his home, gathered up his wife and daughter still in their nightclothes into his car. He started it but as they went from their driveway to Highway 13, the engine stalled and wouldn’t start again. Less than 50 yards from their house the family jumped out of their car and huddled in a ditch. Their home was hit by the tornado and ripped from its foundation. The car which had stalled was lifted and slammed onto the road’s west embankment (opposite side of the highway from them). The woman had an injury from a falling limb but they survived. They mentioned to others that during the time the tornado was passing through, “they thought for a half-minute or so they were going to suffocate because they couldn’t get their breath.”
Some items in Rankin County were carried many miles into neighboring counties. A deed of truth was recovered in Lake (Scott County) and a check in Decatur (Newton County).
Several homes were damaged in the Puckett area and a home was destroyed at Rock Bluff.
There were no fatalities in the county and one injury.
The Smith Family had lived in a valley just off the Trenton-Sardis road for four generations. Three houses were built in the valley. At the entrance to the valley, a house sits atop a hill with a view of the whole area. A man watched from the windows of his carport as the tornado swept away two of the homes and flattened 6 chicken houses. 5 members of the Smith family and a maid were killed.
In the Sardis Community, the Eugene Shows’ home was destroyed, killing the mom and son and injuring the father and 3 other children. A home was destroyed in the Trendon community, killing a woman and injuring her husband.
There were 9 fatalities and at least 35 injuries in the county.
We gathered information for this event from the SPC & NCDC Databases, the January 1969 Storm Data Publication and Thomas Grazulis in Significant Tornadoes and found the following differences:
- SPC/NCDC have a 117.8 mile path.
- Grazulis has a length at 105 miles.
- Storm Data has a 120 mile path.
- SPC/NCDC have a 200 yard width.
- Storm Data has a range of widths from 20 t0 1760 yards.
- Grazulis has a width of 1200 yards.
Grazulis, Thomas P. (1993). Significant Tornadoes 1680-1991: A Chronology and Analysis of Events. St. Johnsbury, VT: The Tornado Project of Environmental Films. Page 957.
Grazulis, Thomas P. (2003). The Tornado: Nature’s Ultimate Windstorm. University of Oklahoma Press. Page 139.
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