Path length: 28.3 miles
Width: 300 yards
County: Jackson, Williamson, Franklin
A total of 25 tornadoes occurred on December 17, 1957, all in Illinois or Missouri. Two were later rated F4 and 1 was given an F5 rating. In this summary, we look at an F4 that traveled close to 30 miles through parts of Jackson, Williamson and Franklin Counties in Illinois. Per Thomas Grazulis in Significant Tornadoes, the path followed closely to a section of the great Tri-State Tornado of March 18, 1925. He also notes that the point of origin may have been in Missouri.
40 homes were destroyed in Gorham. Intense damage occurred at Murphysboro. 40 homes destroyed and 10 were killed. The deaths occurred in an older portion of town. There was another fatality in the Sand Ridge area. Estimated path speed at 60 mph. Murphysboro was without power for close to 3 days.
Tragically, 4 members of a family were killed. The Southern Illinoisan from December 19, 1957 interviewed George Butcher. He lost his wife and 3 children when their home was hit. A daughter was seriously hurt and another son was not injured. Here is the article and a picture which epitomizes what loss looks like.
Here are the names 9 of the 10 who perished in this event:
Climatological Data National Summary Entry
We gathered information for this event from the SPC & NCDC Databases, the December 1957 Climatological Data National Summary (CDNS) and Thomas Grazulis in Significant Tornadoes and found the following differences:
- SPC/NCDC have a 28.3 mile path length.
- Grazulis and CDNS have a length at 30 miles.
Counties in Path:
- CDNS lists Jackson and Williamson Counties.
- Remaining sources include Franklin County.
- SPC Coordinates include all 3 counties.
Grazulis, Thomas P. (1993). Significant Tornadoes 1680-1991: A Chronology and Analysis of Events. St. Johnsbury, VT: The Tornado Project of Environmental Films. Page 1013.
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