Path length: 12.9 miles
Width: 200 yards
It is considered one of the worst outbreaks to occur across Southeast Texas/Southwest Louisiana. At least 14 tornadoes hit this area on November 7, 1957. I found a great write-up from Sam Shamburger, forecaster for the National Weather Service written in 2007. He did an in depth review of this outbreak, documenting details and discrepancies. He provides information for all 14 tornadoes. 5 of them caused fatalities.
The Orange, TX F4 tornado is the topic of this summary. It was the strongest of the outbreak. 180 homes were destroyed. 115 of these were in the Riverside Housing Project. 9 ships and 3 barges were torn from their moorings.
There was one fatality. A pregnant woman was killed at 2nd Street and John Street in Orange. Her name was Annebell Peck. She was pinned beneath the wreckage of her two-story frame dwelling. (The Odessa American, November 8, 1957).
The NWS Summary denoted the wide range of injury reports. The Orange Leader reported 20 injuries while the Beaumont Enterprise reported 81 injuries. That summary as well as Thomas Grazulis in Significant Tornadoes landed on an injury count of 50.
Sam Shamburger also noted that the F4 rating is questionable because the quality of the housing in the area was poor. He felt an F3 rating would have been more accurate. He also noted that there were reports in the Orange Leader that the tornado was dissipating into a downburst as it moved into the housing project. “However, it is possible the tornado crossed into Louisiana before lifting.”
The SPC coordinates are not correct: Start: 30.10 / -93.73 End: 29.97 / -93.88
Corrected Coordinates based on the map from NWS Lake Charles:
Start: 30.065065/-93.798537 End: 30.104300/-93.713896.
Veer in path: 30.095645/-93.743767
Note: Exact tornado path may not be straight and/or continuous.
We gathered information for this event from the SPC & NCDC Databases, the November 1957 Climatological Data National Summary (CDNS), Thomas Grazulis in Significant Tornadoes and a Summary via NWS Shreveport and found the following differences:
- SPC/NCDC have a 12.9 mile path length.
- Storm Data has no listing.
- Grazulis and NWS have a 6 mile path.
- Grazulis and the NWS Summary list 50 injuries.
- Remaining sources have 81 injuries.
Event Start Time:
- NWS Summary has a start time of 2125.
- SPC and Grazulis have a start time of 2327.
Grazulis, Thomas P. (1993). Significant Tornadoes 1680-1991: A Chronology and Analysis of Events. St. Johnsbury, VT: The Tornado Project of Environmental Films. Page 1011-1012.
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